There are about 4,000 species of arachnids that live around us. Yes. Spiders are everywhere. They are inside and outside of your home. We see them in the garage and in the garden. They set up cobwebs on areas we seldom use and also on areas we commonly use.
While spiders are part and important in maintaining balance in the ecosystem, some of them are can be dangerous. Below are the common kinds of spiders that we encounter.
Habitat: You can find these spiders under rocks, logs, under floorboards or shelves.
Appearance: Female redbacks can easily be recognized by a red marking on their back while the male has a combination of yellow and white marks.
Size: Females can grow up to 15mm long while the male is up to 5mm only.
Food: They usually feed on small insects but they can also take small mice and frogs.
Distribution: They can be seen all over Australia.
Lifecycle: Female redbacks can lay 3 to 8 eggs with each sac having 300 eggs. Male redbacks have a lifespan of 7 months and females can live up to 3 years!
Danger rate: High. Getting bitten by this spider can be dangerous especially for children and pets.
Habitat: Underneath rocks, leaves or bark are the commonplace that these spiders are found.
Appearance: They have oval-shape greyish abdomen with white spots on both top and tail.
Size: Females can measure up to 18mm while males are 12mm long.
Food: White-tailed spiders are known to eat other spiders like redbacks and black house spiders.
Distribution: Lampona murina is present in Eastern Australia while Lampona cylindrata are found in Southern Australia.
Lifecycle: Females can lay 80 to 100 eggs per single sac. These spiders can live for 20 years.
Danger rate: High. Their bites can cause initial burning pain on the skin.
Habitat: They can be seen on tree trunks, under garden stones or brick walls.
Appearance: Huntsman spiders are big and hairy and have combinations of grey, black or brown shades.
Size: These spiders have a leg-span of 160mm. They can walk forward or sideways.
Food: Insects, other spiders, small lizards and even frogs are their usual meal.
Distribution: They are found Australian-wide.
Life cycle: Female huntsman can lay more than 200 eggs in one sac. Huntsman spiders can live up to 2 years.
Danger rate: Low. Huntsman spiders can only give an unpleasant bite.
Habitat: Mouse spiders live in underground burrows which can be 30cm long.
Appearance: They have a short, rough body with colours of brown or black.
Size: Their size differs depending on the specimen. Normally up to 3cm.
Food: Mostly insects and small animals.
Distribution: They can be found in the eastern part of Australia.
Life cycle: Female spiders can lay 60 eggs per egg sac. Male immediately dies after mating. Females mature at 4 years old.
Danger rate: High. Get help as soon as possible when bitten.
Funnel Web Spider
Habitat: Burrows, under rocks or logs are their usual place.
Appearance: These spiders are large in size, with blue-black or brown shade.
Size: Their body can grow up to 5cm.
Food: They eat insects, frogs or lizards.
Distribution: They are seen in NSW, QLD, SA and Tasmania.
Life cycle: Female matures at 5 years old and can live for many years while male matures at 4 years old and dies 6 to 7 months after mating.
Danger rate: Extremely high. If they bite, it will not be just once or twice – seek immediate medical attention.
Habitat: They live anywhere from trees, forest, or coastal areas.
Appearance: Wolf spiders have long legs with colour patterns of grey, white or black.
Size: Head to tail length will be around 1 to 8cm.
Food: They eat ants, crickets, grasshoppers or other spiders.
Life cycle: Male spiders can live up to 12 months while the female can survive for many years.
Danger rate: Medium to High. Their bite can cause swelling, itching and pain.
Habitat: Orb Spiders weave their webs between trees and shrubs.
Appearance: They have a triangular-shaped body with reddish to grey colours.
Size: Body length is around 1 to 2.5 cm.
Food: Any insects that fly to their webs like flies or cicadas.
Distribution: They are found mostly in Eastern and Southern Australia.
Life cycle: Their lifespan is up to 12 months only.
Danger rate: Extremely Low since they are very timid.
Habitat: Females usually live in underground burrows. Males on large rocks or logs.
Appearance: They are heavy spiders with deep brown colour.
Size: It depends on their species but usually between 2.5 to 12.5 cm.
Food: They prey on insects, lizards, other spiders and even birds.
Distribution: QLD and Darwin
Life cycle: Females can live up to 12 years. Males die after mating when they reach maturity at 5 years.
Danger rate: Medium. They will only bite once provoked.
Daddy Long Legs Spider
Habitat: These spiders like to build webs on dark, rarely used spaces.
Appearance: They have long thin legs with a small body which is easily recognizable.
Size: Usually ranging from 0.6 to 23 mm
Food: They eat insects and other spiders.
Life cycle: Male matures at 12 months and dies after mating. Female has a life span of 3 years.
Danger rate: Low. They rarely bite humans.
Black House Spider
Habitat: These spiders can be seen in rock walls, window panes and trees.
Appearance: They have dark grey abdomen with brown to black legs.
Size: Up to 1.5cm long
Food: They feed on insects.
Distribution: Black spiders are usually found in Southern and Eastern Australia.
Life cycle: They reach maturity at 3 months old and can live up to 2 years.
Danger rate: High. Black spiders’ bite is very painful which can lead to vomiting and sweating.
It pays to know about these spiders who can be visiting your home. Once you see them crawling around your property, make sure to eliminate them properly right away before they pose a huge threat to you, your family and the neighbourhood’s safety.
NOTE: With any spider bite seek urgent medical attention.
Contact a pest control specialist right away. A1 Pest Control Canberra’s team is here to help you.
Call us at 0407 065 413.