If you are looking for helpful tips about common spiders, this article is the best for you. You will know the varieties of common spiders found in your area.
There are about 4,000 species of arachnids that live around us. Yes. Spider is everywhere. It can be inside and outside of your home. We see a spider in the garage and the garden. It can set up cobwebs on areas we seldom use and also on sites we commonly use.
While spider is part and important in maintaining balance in the ecosystem, some can be dangerous. Below are the common kinds of spiders that we encounter.
These are the Helpful Tips about Common Spiders
Habitat: You can find this common spider under rocks, logs, floorboards or shelves.
Appearance: A red marking on their back can easily recognize female redbacks male has a combination of yellow and white marks.
Size: Females can grow up to 15mm long while males are up to 5mm only.
Food: The spider usually feed on small insects, but it can also take small mice and frogs.
Distribution: Spider is all over Australia.
Lifecycle: Female redbacks can lay 3 to 8 eggs, with each sac having 300 eggs. Male redbacks have a lifespan of 7 months, and females can live up to 3 years!
Danger rate: High. Getting bitten by this spider can be dangerous, especially for children and pets.
Habitat: Underneath rocks, leaves or bark are the commonplaces that this common spider is found.
Appearance: It has an oval-shaped greyish abdomen with white spots on both the top and tail.
Size: Females can measure up to 18mm while males are 12mm long.
Food: White-tailed spiders are known to eat other spiders like redbacks and black house spiders.
Distribution: Lampona murina is present in Eastern Australia, while Lampona cylindrata are found in Southern Australia.
Lifecycle: Females can lay 80 to 100 eggs per single sac. These spiders can live for 20 years.
Danger rate: High. Their bites can cause initial burning pain on the skin.
Habitat: It can be seen on tree trunks, under garden stones or brick walls.
Appearance: Huntsman spider is big and hairy and has combinations of grey, black or brown shades.
Size: This spider has a leg span of 160mm. It can walk forward or sideways.
Food: Insects, other common spiders, small lizards and even frogs are their usual meal.
Distribution: They are found Australian-wide.
Life cycle: Female huntsman can lay more than 200 eggs in one sac. Huntsman spider can live up to 2 years.
Danger rate: Low. Huntsman spider can only give an unpleasant bite.
Habitat: Mouse spider lives in underground burrows, which can be 30cm long.
Appearance: It has a short, rough body with colours of brown or black.
Size: Its size differs depending on the specimen. Normally up to 3cm.
Food: Mostly insects and small animals.
Distribution: They can be found in the eastern part of Australia.
Life cycle: Female spiders can lay 60 eggs per egg sac. Male immediately dies after mating. Females mature at 4 years old.
Danger rate: High. Get help as soon as possible when bitten.
Funnel Web Spider
Habitat: Burrows, under rocks or logs, are their usual place.
Appearance: This common spider is large in size, with a blue-black or brown shade.
Size: Its body can grow up to 5cm.
Food: This spider eats insects, frogs or lizards.
Distribution: It can be seen in NSW, QLD, SA and Tasmania.
Life cycle: Female matures at 5 years old and can live for many years while male matures at 4 years old and dies 6 to 7 months after mating.
Danger rate: Extremely high. If they bite, it will not be just once or twice – seek immediate medical attention.
Habitat: It lives anywhere from trees, forest, or coastal areas.
Appearance: Wolf spider has long legs with colour patterns of grey, white or black.
Size: Head to tail length will be around 1 to 8cm.
Food: It eats ants, crickets, grasshoppers or other spiders.
Life cycle: Male spider can live up to 12 months, while females can survive for many years.
Danger rate: Medium to High. Their bite can cause swelling, itching and pain.
Habitat: Orb Spider weaves its webs between trees and shrubs.
Appearance: It has a triangular-shaped body with reddish to grey colours.
Size: Body length is around 1 to 2.5 cm.
Food: Any insects that fly to their webs like flies or cicadas.
Distribution: They are found mostly in Eastern and Southern Australia.
Life cycle: Their lifespan is up to 12 months only.
Danger rate: Extremely Low since they are very timid.
Habitat: Females usually live in underground burrows. Males on large rocks or logs.
Appearance: It is a heavy spider with deep brown colour.
Size: It depends on their species but usually between 2.5 to 12.5 cm.
Food: They prey on insects, lizards, other spiders and even birds.
Distribution: QLD and Darwin
Life cycle: Females can live up to 12 years. Males die after mating when they reach maturity at 5 years.
Danger rate: Medium. They will only bite once provoked.
Daddy Long Legs Spider
Habitat: This spider likes to build webs in the dark, rarely used spaces.
Appearance: It has long, thin legs with a small body that is easily recognizable.
Size: Usually ranging from 0.6 to 23 mm
Food: This spider eats insects and other spiders.
Life cycle: Male matures at 12 months and dies after mating. Female has a life span of 3 years.
Danger rate: Low. They rarely bite humans.
Black House Spider
Habitat: This spider can be seen in rock walls, window panes and trees.
Appearance: It has a dark grey abdomen with brown to black legs.
Size: Up to 1.5cm long
Food: They feed on insects.
Distribution: A black spider is usually found in Southern and Eastern Australia.
Life cycle: They reach maturity at 3 months old and can live up to 2 years.
Danger rate: High. Black spiders’ bite is excruciating, which can lead to vomiting and sweating.
It pays to know about these helpful tips about common spiders which can be visiting your home. Once you see them crawling around your property, make sure to eliminate them properly right away before they pose a huge threat to you, your family and the neighbourhood’s safety.
NOTE: With any spider bite, seek urgent medical attention.
Contact a pest control specialist right away. A1 Pest Control Canberra’s team is here to help you.
Call us at 0407 065 413.
Are these helpful tips about common spiders beneficial? If you have noticed some of the spiders in this article in your area, don’t hesitate to call the experts!
You may visit: Spider Problems In Canberra? We Are Just One Call Away.